Uroradiology is concerned with imaging disorders of the urinary tract for Urologists and Renal Physicians. This includes disorders of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder, in men and women and in also men, the testes, prostate gland and the penis.
We typically might be asked to image patients with blood in their urine, difficulty passing urine, or pain in the kidney or bladder areas. Kidney stones, infections and cancers of the urinary tract are typical problems encountered.
A range of modern imaging modalities are used to investigate patients with symptoms and signs such as these. Ultrasound, CT and MRI and Nuclear Medicine and are widely used to diagnose these kinds of conditions and to help plan and guide their treatment.
Examples of Examinations performed:
Ultrasound Kidneys & Bladder
Often a first step to look for obvious abnormalities
A scan (using X-rays) of the abdomen and pelvis to look for kidney stones
Like the above but with an injection of X-ray dye to better show the kidneys, ureters and bladder.
Uses a magnetic field and radiowaves to obtain images of the prostate gland.
Nuclear Medicine Bone Scan
An injection of a small dose of radioactive dye to look for any evidence of disease in the bones of the skeleton.
Uses ultrasound or X-rays to guide treatments which often previously needed surgery. Examples include obtaining samples of tissue (biopsy) unblocking kidneys (nephrostomy), removing kidney stones (percutaneuos nephrolithotomy – PCNL) and treating suitable kidney tumours with high frequency energy (Radiofrequency Ablation – RFA).
The Urology MDT is held every Tuesday in the radiology Seminar room at 13:00. Here we discuss the scans and any pathology and plan patients treatments.